Is the world ready for everyone to have an electric car?

View source

"It is," says Rafael Sánchez, head of industrial analysis studies at Endesa. "The network could feed a whole car park like the current [more than 28 million cars in Spain], but electric, provided that the load was organized in an intelligent way," adds the economist Sánchez refers to the batteries to be filled During the hours of the day, just at times when the energy demand by users is lower, such as the early morning, and that the rapid recharge remains as a backup point during the day. On the other hand, charging the electric vehicle in times of greater demand, such as certain stretches of the afternoon, when appliances in homes and businesses are at full capacity, would saturate the network. The electrical infrastructure of Spain is able to produce and distribute more energy than is normally needed to supply users during the peak demand points that usually occur at specific times of winter and summer. "Our system is prepared to generate more than what is normally needed [has an installed capacity of 106 terawatts, with an additional 40% capacity to cover the maximum demands]," Sánchez explains. Incorporating new demand in the valleys periods is between 40% and 60%, according to Endesa. "People think that most of the energy is used to generate electricity, but this use constitutes only 20% of the total primary energy consumed in Spain. , Argues Paco Segura, general coordinator of Ecologistas en Acción. In fact, the largest oil consumption sector is still transport, with 67%. In Spain only 10% of electricity comes from the combustion of fuel and 25% from natural gas. The same would happen in Europe and around the world. The International Energy Agency (IEA) says that the impact of a 100% electric world park is affordable. "Our analyzes show that with a flexible load policy, demand spikes can be managed," said Marine Gorner, an IEA spokesman. Gorner says that if the question is hypothetical, the real question is whether we can generate more electricity and distribute it to incorporate an electrified world park. How much energy would it take? Of all that electricity generated in Spain, only 18% or 19% would have to be used to recharge a purely electric park, according to a study carried out by Endesa with Eurelectric in 2015 and presented to Parliament and the European Commission . That figure rises to 21% for the whole of Europe, where 249 million vehicles are currently circulating, according to Endesa, who appeals to that report. In 2014 that consumption was 0.03% of all energy generated, according to the European Environment Agency. If all 1,200 million cars circulating on the planet today were electric, they would hoard 2,300 terawatts / hour (TWh) a year, assuming they traveled an average of 13,000 kilometers per year, consuming 0.18 kilowatts per kilometer Average of the models in the market). This constitutes 10% of all energy (21,000 TWh) consumed worldwide by 2016, according to calculations by the International Energy Agency. How many electric cars will there be? There are more than two million electric vehicles in the world. They are only 0.2%, of all, although their number grows exponentially. In 2015, the global stock of zero emissions exceeded one million. In only one year he doubled. A dizzying increase in which large economies such as China and the United States are responsible and augurs a positive progression. That speed of growth should be accelerated to meet the targets set in the Paris Climate Change Pact and reach the 600 million of these cars in 2040. In Spain, sales growth has slowed down over the last three years. By the end of 2016 there were 19,037 pure electric vehicles in Spain. Less than 0.7% of the fleet. In order to meet the objectives set by the European Union, this country should have 300,000 cars and battery-powered trucks in circulation in 2020, a goal that seems unfeasible. "We expect that by 2050 half of the cars that run our streets, about 12 million, are electric. For this, by 2030, half of the cars sold should be zero emissions, "adds Sánchez, of Endesa. "It all depends on overcoming barriers to infrastructure [loading points] and the pace of market acceptance." Some countries around the world have a lot of advantage in Norway, "he adds.In the Scandinavian nation, almost one Of every three cars is electric or plug-in hybrid A figure (28.76%) well above the 6.39% of the second country with more vehicles electrified.